Mozart Operas: A Brief Overview, First & Last Operas, List, 1781

Mozart Operas: A Brief Overview

Mozart Operas List
Complete list of operas of Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was one of the most prolific and influential composers of the classical era. He composed over 600 works in various genres, including 22 operas that are considered among the finest in the history of music. Mozart’s operas combine musical beauty, dramatic power, and psychological insight, and reflect his genius for creating memorable characters and situations. Mozart Operas List

Mozart’s First Opera:

Mozart was a prodigy who composed his first opera at a very young age. According to one source, his first opera was La finta semplice (The Pretend Simpleton), which he wrote when he was only eight years old. Another source claims that his first opera was Apollo et Hyacinthus, which he wrote at the age of 11.

Both operas were commissioned by the Archbishop of Salzburg, Hieronymus Colloredo, and were based on existing works. Mozart’s first opera in the Italian style, Mitridate, re di Ponto, was written in 1770 when he was 14 years old.

It was a success and established his reputation as an opera composer. Mozart went on to write 22 operas in various genres and languages and became one of the greatest masters of the art form. Mozart Operas List.

Mozart’s Last Opera:

Mozart’s last opera, The Magic Flute, was premiered in Vienna on September 30, 1791, just two months before his death. It was a German singspiel, a form of opera that combines spoken dialogue and musical numbers. The libretto was written by Emanuel Schikaneder, a friend and fellow Freemason of Mozart, who also played the role of Papageno, a bird-catcher.

The opera is a fairy tale that explores the themes of love, wisdom, and enlightenment and features some of Mozart’s most famous and beloved music, such as the Queen of the Night’s aria, the duet between Papageno and Papagena, and the final chorus. The Magic Flute was a popular success and has remained one of the most performed and admired operas of all time. Mozart Operas List

READ ALSO: Austria Statue of Mozart in Salzburg Austria
Austria Statue of Mozart in Salzburg Austria

Mozart Operas List:

🎭 Genre 🎶 Opera 📅 Year of Premiere 🗣️ Original Language
Opera seria Mitridate, re di Ponto 1770 Italian
Opera seria Lucio Silla 1772 Italian
Opera seria Idomeneo 1781 Italian
Opera seria La clemenza di Tito 1791 Italian
🤣 Opera buffa La finta semplice 1769 Italian
🌳 Opera buffa La finta giardiniera 1775 Italian
❤️ Opera buffa The Marriage of Figaro 1786 Italian
👻 Opera buffa Don Giovanni 1787 Italian
🍫 Opera buffa Così fan tutte 1790 Italian
✨ Opera buffa The Magic Flute 1791 German
🎭 Singspiel Bastien und Bastienne 1768 German
🌟 Singspiel Zaide 1780 German (unfinished)
🕌 Singspiel The Abduction from the Seraglio 1782 German
🎭 Singspiel The Impresario 1786 German
✨ Singspiel The Magic Flute 1791 German
🌈 Other genres Ascanio in Alba 1771 Italian
🚀 Other genres Il sogno di Scipione 1772 Italian
🏰 Other genres Thamos, King of Egypt 1774 German


Mozart’s Opera in Two Parts:

Mozart composed only one opera in two parts, Don Giovanni, which is considered one of his masterpieces and one of the greatest operas ever written. It was first performed in Prague on October 29, 1787, and later revised for Vienna in 1788.

The libretto was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte, who also collaborated with Mozart on The Marriage of Figaro and Così fan tutte. The opera is a drama giocoso, a genre that combines elements of comedy and tragedy, and tells the story of Don Giovanni, a notorious seducer and libertine, who defies moral and divine laws and meets his doom. The opera is famous for its complex and rich music, its dramatic and psychological depth, and its blend of humor and horror. Mozart Operas List

Mozart Operas in Order: How Many Operas Did Mozart Write

Mozart wrote 22 operas in his lifetime, ranging from the small-scale and derivative works of his youth to the full-fledged and innovative operas of his maturity. If you want to know the chronological order of his operas, here is a list of them with the year of their first performance and their original language:

  • Apollo et Hyacinthus (1767, Latin)
  • Bastien und Bastienne (1768, German)
  • La finta semplice (1769, Italian)
  • Mitridate, re di Ponto (1770, Italian)
  • Ascanio in Alba (1771, Italian)
  • La Betulia liberata (1771, Italian)
  • Il sogno di Scipione (1772, Italian)
  • Lucio Silla (1772, Italian)
  • La finta giardiniera (1775, Italian)
  • Il re pastore (1775, Italian)
  • Zaide (1780, German, unfinished)
  • Idomeneo (1781, Italian)
  • Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782, German)
  • L’oca del Cairo (1783, Italian, unfinished)
  • Lo sposo deluso (1783, Italian, unfinished)
  • Der Schauspieldirektor (1786, German)
  • Le nozze di Figaro (1786, Italian)
  • Don Giovanni (1787, Italian)
  • Così fan tutte (1790, Italian)
  • Die Zauberflöte (1791, German)
  • La clemenza di Tito (1791, Italian)

You can find more information about each opera, such as the genre, the plot, and the most famous songs, in this article: Mozart’s 22 Operas (List). Mozart Operas List


Mozart’s Opera 1781:

Mozart’s opera in 1781 was Idomeneo, his first opera seria, or serious opera, in the Italian style. It was commissioned by the Elector of Bavaria, who wanted an opera for the carnival season in Munich.

Mozart wrote the music in six months and collaborated with the librettist Giambattista Varesco, who based the text on an earlier French opera by André Campra. The opera is based on the Greek myth of Idomeneus, the king of Crete, who has to sacrifice his son Idamante to fulfill a vow he made to Neptune, the god of the sea, after surviving a storm.

It also involves a love triangle between Idamante, Ilia, the daughter of the Trojan king Priam, and Elettra, the daughter of the Greek king Agamemnon.

It is a drama of passion, duty, and mercy, and features some of Mozart’s most expressive and powerful music, such as the storm scene, the quartet “Andrò ramming e solo”, and the aria “Fuor del mar”. It was well received by the audience and the critics and marked Mozart’s maturity as an opera composer. mozart operas list

Mozart Opera Songs:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed numerous operas, and here is a list of some of his most well-known opera arias and songs:

  • “Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen” – Queen of the Night’s Aria from “Die Zauberflöte” (The Magic Flute)
  • “Voi, che sapete” – Cherubino’s Aria from “Le nozze di Figaro” (The Marriage of Figaro)
  • “Madamina, il catalogo è questo” – Leporello’s Catalogue Aria from “Don Giovanni”
  • “La ci darem la mano” – Duettino between Don Giovanni and Zerlina from “Don Giovanni”
  • “Batti, batti, o bel Masetto” – Zerlina’s Aria from “Don Giovanni”
  • “Non più andrai” – Figaro’s Aria from “Le nozze di Figaro”
  • “Overture” – Instrumental opening piece from various operas, including “Die Zauberflöte,” “Le nozze di Figaro,” and others.
  • “Soave sia il vento” – Trio from “Così fan tutte”
  • “Ach, ich fühl’s, es ist verschwunden” – Pamina’s Aria from “Die Zauberflöte”
  • “Ah, se in ciel, benigne stelle” – Elvira’s Aria from “Don Giovanni”
  • “Il mio tesoro” – Don Ottavio’s Aria from “Don Giovanni”
  • “Dove sono i bei momenti” – Countess’s Aria from “Le nozze di Figaro”
  • “In diesen heil’gen Hallen” – Sarastro’s Aria from “Die Zauberflöte”
  • “O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn” – Queen of the Night’s First Aria from “Die Zauberflöte”
  • “Un’aura amorosa” – Ferrando’s Aria from “Così fan tutte”

These are Mozart’s opera list of songs.

Mozart’s Opera Turkish Harem:

One of Mozart’s most exotic and colorful operas is The Abduction from the Seraglio, which is set in a Turkish harem and features a Turkish pasha and his guards. The opera was inspired by the fashion and fascination for Turkish culture that was prevalent in 18th-century Europe, especially after the Ottoman Empire’s failed siege of Vienna in 1683.

Mozart used extra percussion instruments, such as cymbals, triangles, and bass drums, to evoke the sound of the Turkish Janissary bands, the military music of the Ottoman army.

The opera is a singspiel, with spoken dialogue and musical numbers, and tells the story of Belmonte, a Spanish nobleman, who tries to rescue his beloved Konstanze, her maid Blonde, and his servant Pedrillo, from the harem of Pasha Selim, who has captured them.

The opera is a comedy of errors, with many twists and turns, and ends with a surprising and generous gesture from the pasha, who sets the captives free. Mozart Operas List

Mozart’s Death:

Mozart died on December 5, 1791, at the age of 35, in Vienna. The cause of his death is unknown, but it is speculated that he may have died from either a streptococcal infection or rheumatic fever. Mozart was buried in a common grave, and his funeral was attended by only a handful of people.

His death was a tragic end to a brilliant life, and a great loss to the world of music. Mozart left behind many unfinished works, including his Requiem, which was completed by his pupil Franz Xaver Süssmayr.

Mozart’s music has been admired and celebrated by generations of musicians and listeners and has influenced many composers, such as Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky. Mozart’s operas are among his greatest achievements and are considered masterpieces of musical and dramatic art. Mozart Operas List, Mozart Operas List, Mozart Operas List, Mozart Operas List Mozart Operas List


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